Trading Legally

  • Building and Construction

    • A Guide to the Building Regulations 2010

      This factsheet explains what the Building Regulations 2010 cover, who they apply to, and what obligations they impose on business owners. It provides information about the approvals process, how the Regulations are enforced, and the penalties for non-compliance. It also provides references to equivalent legislation in Scotland and Northern Ireland...

    • A Guide to Applying for Planning Permission

      This factsheet explains the factors that a local authority planning department will take into account when granting planning permission for commercial property or land, and outlines the types of developments and use they will consider. It explains when permission for building work is required, the different types of permission that can be granted, the correct process to follow before and after seeking planning permission, and what to do if a planning application is rejected...

    • A Guide to the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007

      This factsheet explains what the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 cover, who they apply to and the obligations they impose on those involved in a construction project...

  • Business Regulations

    • A Guide to Complying with the Data Protection Act

      The factsheet explains how to register as a data controller with the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO), the independent authority responsible for upholding information rights in the UK. It also explains how to deal with subject access requests from individuals, and outlines how the Act is enforced...

    • Applying for Authorisation as a Financial Services Provider

      This fact sheet explains which business activities require authorisation by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and outlines how to apply for authorisation to provide financial services or consumer credit. It covers what firms (including sole traders and partnerships) must do when they are authorised and explains the enforcement powers of the FCA and the Financial Ombudsman Service. It also outlines the role of the Prudential Regulatory Authority (PRA)...

    • Business Activities Regulated by Local Authorities

      This factsheet outlines the main activities that are regulated by local authorities and explains how they impact on business owners...

    • Implementing Smoking Bans in Business Premises

      This factsheet provides information about how to implement a no-smoking policy that covers business premises and how to comply with requirements of the smoking ban. It also explains how the smoking ban is enforced and the penalties for non compliance with the ban...

    • An Introduction to the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007

      This factsheet explains what the purpose of the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 is, who it applies to, the offences it creates and how it is enforced...

    • A Guide to the Business Protection from Misleading Marketing Regulations 2008

      This factsheet explains what is meant by misleading advertising and comparative advertising, and gives examples of advertising that contravene the Business Protection from Misleading Marketing Regulations 2008 (BPRs). It explains how misleading claims are assessed and outlines how business owners can make sure their marketing complies with the BPRs. The factsheet also covers enforcement and the penalties for offences under the BPRs...

    • A Guide to the Equality Act 2010

      This factsheet explains what the Equality Act 2010 covers, who it applies to and what business owners and managers must do to comply with the Act...

    • A Guide to the Bribery Act 2010

      This factsheet explains what the Bribery Act 2010 (the Act) covers, who it applies to, and what obligations are placed on firms under the Act...

    • A Guide to the Agency Workers Regulations 2010

      This factsheet explains what the Agency Workers Regulations 2010 cover, who they apply to and what obligations they impose on employers...

    • A Guide to the Single Use Carrier Bag Levy

      This factsheet explains when the requirement to charge for single use carrier bags applies, the steps retailers must take to satisfy this requirement and other requirements imposed by the regulations...

    • Tax Deadlines in 2017

      This factsheet lists the key tax dates in 2017 as they apply to a firm's different tax liabilities. It also provides information about the penalties for non-compliance with the deadlines. Taxation is a complicated area and professional advice should be sought to ensure that all tax obligations are met...

    • Classes of Private Limited Company Shares

      This factsheet provides an overview of different classes of shares and their purposes. It also explains the procedures that companies must use if they decide to vary the rights attached to different classes of shares...

  • Consumers

    • A Guide to the Consumer Protection Act 1987

      This factsheet explains what the Consumer Protection Act 1987 covers, which suppliers are liable for defective products, when a product is 'defective' and the extent of liability for defective products. It also briefly explains enforcement powers and penalties for non-compliance in relation to safety regulations...

    • A Guide to the Commercial Agents (Council Directive) Regulations 1993

      This factsheet explains the purpose of the Commercial Agents (Council Directive) Regulations 1993, who they apply to, and how both commercial agents and their principals are required to meet their respective obligations...

    • A Guide to the Trade Descriptions Act 1968

      This factsheet explains what the Trade Descriptions Act 1968 covers, who it applies to and the obligations it imposes on traders...

    • A Guide to Consumer Credit Authorisation

      It is a legal requirement that firms providing consumer credit or related services are authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) unless they are exempt. This factsheet explains how to become authorised by the FCA and details the process and criteria to be met...

    • A Guide to the General Product Safety Regulations 2005

      This factsheet explains what types of product the Regulations cover, who they apply to and the obligations they impose, along with the penalties for non-compliance...

    • A Guide to the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008

      This factsheet explains which commercial practices are deemed unfair under the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPRs) and how the CPRs are enforced. It also provides sources of further information...

    • A Guide to the Consumer Contracts (Information, Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulations 2013

      This factsheet explains how and when the Consumer Contracts (Information, Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulations 2013 apply to contracts between traders and consumers, the obligations and consequences they impose on traders, and who is responsible for their enforcement...

    • A Guide to the Consumer Protection (Amendment) Regulations 2014

      This factsheet explains consumers' right of redress under the Regulations. It also provides sources of further information. It should be read in conjunction with BIF 462, A Guide to the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008, which explains which commercial practices are prohibited under the CPRs and outlines the enforcement action available to regulatory bodies...

    • An Introduction to the Consumer Rights Act 2015

      This factsheet provides a brief overview of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 in the context of general consumer law. It does not cover parts of the Act that cover specific types of business, such as ticketing agencies and letting agents...

  • Copyright and IP

    • An Introduction to Intellectual Property Rights

      This factsheet provides brief descriptions of UK and European intellectual property rights...

    • How to Apply for a Patent

      This factsheet explains the UK patent system and describes the process of applying for a UK patent, including the stages of an application, the information that must be provided and the costs that are involved. It also provides information about overseas patents and how to find a professional patent attorney...

    • Choosing and Using a Patent Attorney

      This factsheet describes the services offered by patent attorneys and explains how to choose a suitable one...

    • A Guide to Using the Copyright of Others

      This factsheet outlines the types of original work that are protected by copyright and how you may use these without infringing the copyright holder's rights. It explains when you need to get permission to use certain material and how you secure it...

    • A Guide to Using Copyright to Protect Your Work

      This factsheet explains the principle of copyright and how you can use it to protect your original material. It provides guidelines on what to do if you think your copyright is being infringed and information on licensing your copyright...

    • Registering a Trade Mark in the UK

      This factsheet explains what a trade mark is and why you should register your trade mark. It summarises what you must do to register a trade mark in the UK, and details the procedures and costs involved in the application process. The factsheet also outlines the rights and responsibilities of trade mark owners and provides further references for applying for a trade mark overseas...

    • CE Marking

      This factsheet explains what CE marking is and lists the types of products that must bear CE marking. It outlines the legal responsibilities of manufacturers, distributors and importers. It explains who enforces CE marking in the UK and describes what happens if a product is incorrectly marked. The factsheet also provides a glossary of terms...

    • An Introduction to Registering and Protecting Your Product Designs

      This factsheet introduces the ways in which you can protect your designs legally and outlines the procedures involved. It includes useful hints and tips as well as sources of further information...

    • An Introduction to Licensing Your Product to Third Parties

      This factsheet describes what a licensing agreement is and when you should consider using one. It also examines the different types of licensing agreements and licensing your product internationally...

    • An Introduction to Obtaining a Licence to Develop a Third Party's Product

      This factsheet outlines the process of acquiring a licence to produce or distribute products or services owned or developed by another business. It also examines the typical procedures used to obtain a licence, suggests some of the most important aspects to consider when entering into a licensing agreement, and lists hints and tips and sources of further information...

    • A Guide to the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

      This factsheet explains what type of work can be copyrighted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, who owns copyright in a work, how long the copyright lasts, what actions constitute infringement of the copyright holder's rights and how they can enforce their rights...

    • A Guide to Applying for a Music Licence

      This factsheet explains when a music licence from PRS for Music and PPL is needed, how to obtain them, and the penalties for playing music on business premises without a licence...

  • Employment

  • Health and Safety

  • IT

    • A Guide to the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003

      This factsheet explains what the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 cover, who they apply to and the obligations placed on all organisations and individuals that use electronic communications for marketing to their customers...

    • Legal Requirements for Business Websites

      This factsheet introduces the main legal requirements for business websites. It outlines the general information that business owners must display about their business and the additional information they must provide about their trade or profession. It also covers the legal requirements concerning the use of cookies, privacy notices, online orders and website accessibility...

  • Sector Guides

    • A Guide to the Food Safety Act 1990

      The Food Safety Act 1990 applies to any business that is involved with the production, processing, distribution, transport, import, export, presenting, labelling, storage or sale of food...

    • A Compliance Guide for the Childcare Sector

      This factsheet provides an overview of the legislation and national standards that apply to all childcare providers and covers country-specific requirements for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland...

    • A Guide to Food Labelling Requirements

      This factsheet summarises the main labelling requirements for prepacked and non-prepacked food and the legal responsibilities of food business operators (FBOs)...

    • A Guide to Food Hygiene Regulations in the UK

      This factsheet explains what the UK food hygiene regulations cover and how they are enforced...

    • An Introduction to Food Safety Legislation

      This factsheet summarises the key legislation relating to food safety, including EU regulations...

    • A Guide to Alcohol Licensing in England and Wales

      This factsheet explains the licences required to sell or supply alcohol in England and Wales. It also explains how to apply for a licence and the costs involved...

    • A Compliance Guide for the Hair and Beauty Sector

      This factsheet provides an overview of the regulatory requirements that must be complied with in the hair and beauty sector, including details of specific legal obligations that apply to specific types of hair and beauty services...

    • A Compliance Guide for the Complementary and Alternative Therapy Sector

      This factsheet provides an overview of the regulatory requirements that complementary and alternative therapists must comply with, including registration with a voluntary regulation body...

    • An Introduction to the Construction Industry Scheme

      This factsheet provides an overview of the CIS and explains who the scheme applies to, how it works, the procedures involved in registering, making payments and reporting under the scheme and the steps contractors and subcontractors need to take (and avoid) to ensure compliance. It also briefly explains the penalties and tax implications arising from failure to comply with the rules and provides hints and tips and sources of further information...

    • A Guide to Food Business Registration and Approval

      This factsheet outlines the application process for registration or approval of a food business establishment. It explains the criteria to be met, including the information required as part of the application process...

    • A Guide to Alcohol Licensing in Scotland

      This factsheet explains the licences needed to sell or supply alcohol in Scotland. It explains how to apply for a licence and the costs involved...

    • A Guide to Alcohol Licensing in Northern Ireland

      This factsheet explains the licences needed to sell or supply alcohol in Northern Ireland. It explains how to apply for a licence and the costs involved...

    • An Introduction to Creating a Food Safety Management System (FSMS)

      This factsheet explains who needs to create a Food Safety Management System, what the system should include and how often it should be reviewed.

    • A Guide to Food Hygiene Inspections

      This factsheet explains what a food hygiene inspection is, what type of establishments are required to have them, who carries them out and what happens during and after an inspection...

  • Waste and the Environment

    • A Guide to the Environmental Protection Act 1990

      This factsheet explains what the Environmental Protection Act 1990 covers, who it applies to, what obligations it imposes on business owners and how those obligations can be met. It also provides hints and tips and sources of further information...

    • An Introduction to Environmental Regulations

      This factsheet provides a summary of the main regulations businesses need to know about and explains what they must do to comply with them. It also includes hints and tips and sources of further information...

    • A Guide to Product Packaging Regulations

      This factsheet provides a summary of the main packaging regulations and explains the requirements that must be met in order for packaging to comply with the law...

    • A Guide to the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2013

      This factsheet explains what the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2013 cover, who they apply to and what obligations they impose on firms. It also provides hints and tips and sources of further information...

    • A Guide to Registering as a Waste Carrier

      This factsheet explains how to register as a waste carrier in England, Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland, detailing the process and criteria to be met. It does not cover firms that buy waste to sell, as these must register as waste dealers in England, Wales and Scotland or as waste brokers in Northern Ireland. Providers of specialist waste collection services must be registered as waste brokers...