Starting up a Worm Farm

  • Price: £5.99
  • Published: July 2016
  • Type: Business Opportunity Profile
  • Format: PDF
  • What qualifications and skills are required?
  • Key market issues and trends
  • Trading, commercial and legal issues
  • Legislation
  • Further information

Commercial worm farms (also known as wormeries) breed and harvest worms, typically Lobworms (the common garden worm) and dendrobaena veneta (European Red worm). Customers include anglers who typically use Lobworms, and eisenia fetida (Brandling or Tiger worm) and Dendrobaena for bait.

Customers also include bird and reptile keepers using worms for live feeding, householders and gardeners requiring worms for domestic wormeries or soil improvement and small businesses such as caterers requiring worms for waste recycling. Some worm farms also supply worms on a wholesale basis to trade customers including fishing and garden supply shops, while others produce and supply ready-made wormeries to individual and small business customers.

As well as breeding and harvesting worms, some larger scale worm farms use worms to carry out vermicomposting, which is the process of using a suitable species of worm - usually eisenia fetida (Brandling or Tiger worm) or dendrobaena veneta (European Red worm) - to convert biodegradable wastes such as paper, cardboard and catering waste into compost.

This profile provides information about starting up and running a small scale worm farm. It describes the skills required, the training available, the current market trends and the key trading issues. It also explains the main legislation that must be complied with and provides sources of further information and support.

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